ETNOBOTANI TANAMAN RITUAL UPACARA ADAT KEBO-KEBOAN SUKU USING DI DESA ALAS MALANG KABUPATEN BANYUWANGI

N. NURCHAYATI, FUAD ARDIYANSYAH

Abstract


Indonesia is a country wich rich in ethnic diversity and customs. The Customs that are still held are traditional ceremonies or rituals. One tribe that still holds to the ritual event is the Using tribe in Banyuwangi Regency. The Using tribe is rich in rituals. One of them is the kebo-keboan ethnic rite in Alas Malang, Singojuruh sub district. Ethnobotany knowledge of kebo-keboan ethnic riteĀ  plants by the Alas Malang community only develops among traditional elders and cultural actors. So it is very necessary to do research "Ethnobotany of Ritual Plants of Kebo-keboan Ethnic Rite of Using People in Alas Malang Village Banyuwangi Regency". This research is expected to provide knowledge to the younger generation to participate in the efforts of conservation of ritual plants in the area. The study was done in March to May 2018 and took place in the village of Alas Malang, Singojuruh sub district. Sampling and informants were conducted using purposive sampling and Snowball Sampling techniques. The results showed that the plants used for kebo-keboan ethnic rite were 24 species with 16 families. Parts of plants used include leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds, rhizomes, sap and tubers. The most widely used parts of the plant are leaves, which are 32% and the least are rhizomes and sap respectively 4%. The largest percentage of knowledge of the Alas Malang community on ritual plants in rice (Oryza sativa) is 8% and the lowest is puring (Codiaeum variegatum L), which is 2%. The most widely used plant habitus are bushes that are 33% and the least number of trees are 17%. The ritual plants used are mostly obtained from the yard of people.


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